Prior listening in rooms improves speech intelligibility

Eugene Brandewie, Pavel Zahorik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although results from previous studies have demonstrated that the acoustic effects of a single reflection are perceptually suppressed after repeated exposure to a particular configuration of source and reflection, the extent to which this dynamic echo suppression might generalize to speech understanding in room environments with multiple reflections and reverberation is largely unknown. Here speech intelligibility was measured using the coordinate response measure corpus both with and without prior listening exposure to a reverberant room environment, which was simulated using virtual auditory space techniques. Prior room listening exposure was manipulated by presenting either a two-sentence carrier phrase that preceded the target speech, or no carrier phrase within the room environment. Results from 14 listeners indicate that with prior room exposure, masked speech reception thresholds were on average 2.7 dB lower than thresholds without exposure, an improvement in intelligibility of over 18 percentage points on average. This effect, which is shown to be absent in anechoic space and greatly reduced under monaural listening conditions, demonstrates that prior binaural exposure to reverberant rooms can improve speech intelligibility, perhaps due to a process of perceptual adaptation to the acoustics of the listening room.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-299
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to thank Noah Jacobs and Jeremy Schepers for their assistance in data collection. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the helpful comments of Dr. Rachel Keen (formerly Rachel K. Clifton), Dr. D. Wesley Grantham, an anonymous reviewer, and Dr. Richard L. Freyman (Associate Editor). Work supported by NIH-NIDCD (Grant No. R01DC008168).

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prior listening in rooms improves speech intelligibility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this