Problematic Eating Behaviors Are More Prevalent in African American Women Who Are Overweight or Obese Than African American Women Who Are Lean or Normal Weight

Katelyn Opichka, Chery Smith, Allen S Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Problematic eating behaviors such as overeating and loss of control over consumption can lead to obesity. Problematic eating behaviors among women of differing body mass indexes were explored through focus group methodology, the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS), and a taste test in a sample of low-income African American women (n = 45). Women who were overweight or obese (W-O/O) reported more problematic eating behaviors including eating in the absence of hunger, frequent overeating, and increased food thoughts than women who were lean or normal weight (W-L/N). The W-O/O appear to possess more problematic eating behaviors than W-L/N.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalFamily and Community Health
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Author Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul. This project was funded by internal grant money in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. The authors thank all of the women for their thoughts and ideas and local agencies for providing space to conduct the focus groups in. C.S. and A.S.L. conceptualized the project, K.O. and C.S. conducted focus groups and analyzed the data, C.S., K.O., A.S.L. discussed findings; K.O. and C.S. wrote first manuscript draft; and A.S.L. edited the draft, adding comments. All authors reviewed and approved the final draft of the manuscript. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Correspondence: Chery Smith, PhD, MPH, RD, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 225 Food Science and Nutrition, 1334 Eckles Ave, St Paul, MN 55108 (csmith@umn.edu). Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000222

Keywords

  • African American women
  • African Americans
  • Native American women
  • low income
  • obesity
  • overeating
  • problematic eating behaviors

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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