Background: The Verigene Enteric Pathogens Test (Luminex Corporation) is a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/nucleic acid microarray-based assay targeting 8 bacterial and viral pathogens that cause diarrhea. Objective: To compare traditional enteric culture methods with stool testing by Verigene EP (PCR/microarray). Methods: Tests were performed using PCR/microarray between February and August 2016. All specimens also underwent culture for Salmonella and Shigella; specimens that tested positive for bacterial pathogen(s) had confirmatory cultures. Results: Valid results were obtained for 99.3% of the 3795 stool specimens. Among these, 497 (13.2%) specimens tested positive for at least 1 pathogen by PCR/microarray; 45.5% of these tested positive for 1 or more bacterial pathogens. Agreement between positive bacterial PCR/microarray results and culture-based testing was 85.3%. Compared with cultures, PCR/microarray demonstrated 95.2% and 87.5% sensitivity and 99.8% and 99.8% specificity for Salmonella and Shigella, respectively. Conclusions: The Verigene EP generated evaluable results for most stool specimens tested and demonstrated good agreement with bacterial cultures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Sam Berger, BS, and Kari Nelson, BS, senior technical staff members of the University of Minnesota Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory, for their assistance in gathering data for this study.
© American Society for Clinical Pathology 2019.
- Acute diarrhea
- Gastrointestinal illness
- Gastrointestinal pathogens
- Molecular assay
- Multiplex PCR
- Multiplex panel
- Stool testing