Prospective randomized trial of maintenance immunosuppression with rapid discontinuation of prednisone in adult kidney transplantation

T. M. Suszynski, K. J. Gillingham, M. D. Rizzari, T. B. Dunn, W. D. Payne, S. Chinnakotla, E. B. Finger, D. E R Sutherland, J. S. Najarian, T. L. Pruett, A. J. Matas, R. Kandaswamy

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rapid discontinuation of prednisone (RDP) has minimized steroid-related complications following kidney transplant (KT). This trial compares long-term (10-year) outcomes with three different maintenance immunosuppressive protocols following RDP in adult KT. Recipients (n = 440; 73% living donor) from March 2001 to April 2006 were randomized into one of three arms: cyclosporine (CSA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) (CSA/MMF, n = 151); high-level tacrolimus (TAC, 8-12 μg/L) and low-level sirolimus (SIR, 3-7 μg/L) (TAC H/SIRL, n = 149) or low-level TAC (3-7 μg/L) and high-level SIR (8-12 μg/L) (TACL/SIRH, n = 140). Median follow-up was ∼7 years. There were no differences between arms in 10-year actuarial patient, graft and death-censored graft survival or in allograft function. There were no differences in the 10-year actuarial rates of biopsy-proven acute rejection (30%, 26% and 20% in CSA/MMF, TAC H/SIRL and TACL/SIRH) and chronic rejection (38%, 35% and 31% in CSA/MMF, TACH/SIRL and TACL/SIRH). Rates of new-onset diabetes mellitus were higher with TACH/SIRL (p = 0.04), and rates of anemia were higher with TACH/SIRL and TACL/SIRH (p = 0.04). No differences were found in the overall rates of 16 other post-KT complications. These data indicate that RDP-based protocol yield acceptable 10-year outcomes, but side effects differ based on the maintenance regimen used and should be considered when optimizing immunosuppression following RDP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-970
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Kidney transplantation
  • rapid discontinuation of prednisone
  • steroid-free immunosuppression

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