Prosthetic Correction of Proclined Maxillary Incisors: A Biomechanical Analysis

Yiting He, Yung Chung Chen, Wei Teng, Alex S.L. Fok, Hooi Pin Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In some cases of proclined maxillary incisors, the proclination can be corrected by a fixed prosthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude and distribution of (i) principal stresses in the adjacent alveolar bone and (ii) direct and shear stresses that are normal and parallel, respectively, to the bone-tooth interface of a normal angulated maxillary incisor, a proclined one, and a proclined one corrected with an angled prosthetic crown. 2D finite-element models were constructed, and a static load of 200 N on the palatal surface of the maxillary incisor at different load angles was applied. Load angles (complementary angle to interincisal angle) ranging from 20° to 90° were applied. The results indicate that the load angle could have a more significant impact on the overall stress distributions in the surrounding alveolar bone and along the bone-tooth interface than the proclination of the maxillary incisor. Provided that the resulting interincisal angle is 150° or smaller, the stresses in the surrounding bone and at the bone-tooth interface are similar between a proclined maxillary incisor and the one with prosthodontic correction. Hence, such a correction, when deemed appropriate clinically, can be undertaken with confidence that there is little risk of incurring additional stresses over that already in existence, in the supporting bone and at the tooth-bone interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7416076
JournalComputational and mathematical methods in medicine
Volume2019
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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