Protein A adsorption of acute myelogenous leukemia serum induces in vitro blast lysis

W. J. Miller, R. F. Branda, D. D. Hurd, W. Wachsman, N. L. Nelson, H. S. Jacob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied cytotoxic activity of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) sera for AML blasts before and after immunoadsorption with Staphylococcus aureus, Cowan I (SAC), which contains protein A. We found in vitro that incubation with treated AML sera reduced viability to 42.7% of control (p < 0.01) for autologous and 21.0% of control (p < 0.01) for allogeneic blasts. Normal peripheral blood cells were not killed by treated AML sera. Wood 46 strain of Staphylococcus aureus, which does not contain protein A, did not significantly reduce AML blast viability (94.8%, p > 0.4), while Sepharose-bound protein A reduced viability to 63.8% (p < 0.01). Cytotoxicity does not appear to be complement-mediated, byt cytotoxic activity is trypsin-sensitive and is contained in the immunoglobulin fraction. This model for study of the tumoricidal action of protein A adsorption should be useful for predicting utility of plasma adsorption as a therapeutic adjunct in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1344-1347
Number of pages4
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

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