Pulmonary expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and interleukin-8 in the acute phase of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis

C. Malazdrewich, T. R. Ames, M. S. Abrahamsen, S. K. Maheswaran

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63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory cytokines are suspected to contribute to the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (BPP) through neutrophil recruitment, leukocyte activation, and the induction of a broad array of soluble inflammatory mediators. An in vivo experimental model of BPP was used to characterize the pulmonary expression kinetics of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) genes and proteins during the acute phase of disease development. Cytokine expression in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, BAL cells, and pneumonic lung parenchyma was quantitated by northern blot analysis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and in situ hybridization at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours after endobronchial inoculation of Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica. Expression of TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-8 was significantly increased in the airways and lung lesions of infected calves as compared with mock-infected controls. Although kinetic patterns varied, peak levels of cytokine mRNA occurred within 8 hours postinfection (PI), and peak cytokine concentrations occurred within 16 hours PI. In all samples, IL-8 was expressed to the greatest extent and TNFaα was least expressed. Expression of TNFα was restricted to alveolar macrophages. Alveolar and interstitial macrophages produced IL-1β and IL-8 in the first 4 hours; bronchial and bronchiolar epithelial cells were also significant sources of IL-8 during this period. By 8 hours PI, neutrophils were the dominant source of both IL-1β and IL-8. These findings demonstrate a spatial and temporal association between pulmonary expression of inflammatory cytokines and acute lung pathology, supporting the hypothesis that cytokines contribute to inflammatory lung injury in BPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalVeterinary pathology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Chemokine
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • In situ hybridization
  • Morphometric analysis
  • Northern blot
  • Pneumonia
  • Proinflammatory cytokine

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