Purification and characterization of monkey salivary mucin.

M. C. Herzberg, M. J. Levine, S. A. Ellison, L. A. Tabak

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly purified mucin was prepared from monkey (Macaca arctoides) extraparotid saliva by sequential chromatography on Sephadex G-200 (followed by reduction and alkylation of void volume materials), Sepharose CL-2B with 6 M urea, and CM52 cellulose with 6 M urea. Purity was critically ascertained by anion exchange chromatography, ultracentrifugal analysis, isoelectric focusing, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide electrophoresis, and crossed immunoelectrophoresis. Use of crossed immunoelectrophoresis to examine mucin preparations has not been previously reported. This technique was useful for assessing purity and displaying charge and size microheterogeneity in the purified S-carboxymethylated mucin. Threonine and serine comprised 37.8% of the total amino acids while the oligosaccharide moiety contained N-acetyl-glucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine, fucose, galactose, N-acetylneuraminic acid, and sulfate. Following alkaline borohydride treatment, the carbohydrate chains were found to be linked O-glycosidically between N-acetylgalactosamine and threonine (serine).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1487-1494
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume254
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 10 1979

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