Carbonyl-modified proteins are markers of oxidative damage. Here, we report a new method for detecting and quantifying carbonylated proteins by capillary sieving electrophoresis (CSE) with LIF detection (CSE-LIF). Alexa 488 hydrazide is used for the specific labeling of carbonyls while 3-(2-furoyl) quinoline-2-carboxaldehyde (FQ) is used for protein labeling. BS A subjected to metal-catalyzed oxidation is used to optimize the labeling reactions, confirm the separation power of CSE, and characterize the response of the LIF detector. The method is capable of detecting femtomole (fmol) amounts of carbonyls in proteins with molecular masses ranging from 26 to 30 kDa. Using this method, we determined that mitochondrial proteins isolated from skeletal muscle contains 2.1 ± 0.1 (average ± SD; n = 3) nmol carbonyl/mg protein. The methodology described here should be compatible with the analysis of single cells and needle biopsies taken from oxidative stress animal models.
- Capillary sieving electrophoresis
- Carbonyl labeling
- Protein labeling