Quantitative assessment of dysphagia in patients with primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome

Nelson L. Rhodus, Stephen Colby, Karlind Moller, Janna Bereuter

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Dysphagia is a common complaint from patients with salivary gland dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare dysphagia in two patient groups with salivary gland dysfunction (primary Sjögren's syndrome and secondary Sjögren's syndrome with systemic lupus erythematosus, and a matched control group. Subjects diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome (n=13) and secondary Sjögren's syndrome with systemic lupus erythematosus (n=15) were selected for the study. An age- and sex-matched group of control subjects (n=14) was selected for comparison. Dysphagia assessments, including videofluoroscopy were performed. Dysphagia was quantified clinically and videofluoroscopically by measurement of 10 seconds of basal or dry swallows as compared with 10-second 10-ml water bolus swallows in all subjects. Subjective evaluations were recorded on a calibrated 10-cm visual analog scale. The results indicated a significant difference in the dry swallows as compared with the water bolus swallows for both salivary gland dysfunction groups and for both dry swallows and water bolus swallows as compared to controls. Videofluoroscopy yielded significantly prolonged pharyngeal transit times in both salivary gland dysfunction groups as compared with control. Subjective results indicated a greater degree of dysphagia symptoms in both the salivary gland dysfunction groups (p<0.001). Conclusions from this study indicate clinically significant dysphagia in patients with salivary gland dysfunction associated with Sjögren's syndrome compared with a control population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the Minnesota Clinical Dental Research Center grant number NIH-NIDR DE 09737

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