Quantum chemical analysis of para-substitution effects on the electronic structure of phenylnitrenium ions in the gas phase and aqueous solution

Michael B. Sullivan, Kenneth Brown, Christopher J. Cramer, Donald G. Truhlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ab initio calculations for para-substituted phenylnitrenium ions predict larger singlet-triplet splittings, shorter singlet C-N+ bond lengths, and higher singlet aromatic ring stretching frequencies for substituents with greater electron-donating character. Trends in these properties correlate linearly with para-substituent constants σR+, indicating that phehylnitrenium ions closely resemble other electron-deficient aromatic systems where resonance interactions with substituents are dominant. Sensitivity to substitution is large as judged by the slope of the correlating line for aqueous singlet-triplet splittings, p = 6.4. For 13 of 15 substituted cases, aqueous solvation preferentially stabilizes the singlet state by 0.9 to 4.4 kcal/mol; for the p-CO2H and p-CF3 cases, the triplet state is better solvated by less than 1 kcal/mol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11778-11783
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume120
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 1998

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