Quantum transport and pinning of a one-dimensional Wigner crystal

L. I. Glazman, I. M. Ruzin, Boris I Shklovskii

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Abstract

We study electron transport along a strongly depleted one-dimensional channel and assume the limit of very weak disorder when electrons form the Wigner crystal. Pinning of this crystal by a weak potential of single impurity is considered in the quantum case. Zero-point oscillations of the crystal significantly diminish the pinning barrier. However, it remains finite at moderate densities of electrons (naB 0.5), in spite of the absence of the long-range order in one dimension. Charge transfer in the system occurs due to thermally assisted tunneling of the crystal through the pinning barrier, which results in a power-law temperature dependence of the conductance (T). The nonlinear conductance (U) at T=0 obeys a similar law.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8454-8463
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume45
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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