Quasistationary criticality of the order parameter of the three-dimensional random-field Ising antiferromagnet Fe0.85 Zn0.15 F2: A synchrotron x-ray scattering study

F. Ye, L. Zhou, S. A. Meyer, L. J. Shelton, D. P. Belanger, L. Lu, S. Larochelle, M. Greven

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Abstract

The critical exponent β=0.17±0.01, where the quoted statistical error is from fits to the data, has been determined for the three-dimensional random-field Ising model (RFIM) order parameter upon zero-field cooling (ZFC) using extinction-free magnetic x-ray scattering techniques for Fe0.85 Zn0.15 F2. This result is consistent with other exponents determined for the RFIM in that Rushbrooke scaling is satisfied. Nevertheless, there is poor agreement with equilibrium computer simulations, and the ZFC results do not agree with field-cooling results. We present details of hysteresis in Bragg scattering amplitudes and line shapes that help elucidate the effects of thermal cycling in the RFIM, as realized in dilute antiferromagnets in an applied field. We show that the ZFC critical-like behavior is consistent with a second-order phase transitions, albeit quasistationary rather than truly equilibrium in nature, as evident from the large thermal hysteresis observed near the transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144431
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume74
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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