Rapamycin and T cell costimulatory blockade as post-transplant treatment promote fully MHC-mismatched allogeneic bone marrow engraftment under irradiation-free conditioning therapy

T. Wu, H. Sozen, B. Luo, N. Heuss, H. Kalscheuer, P. Lan, D. E.R. Sutherland, B. J. Hering, Z. Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hematopoietic macrochimerism, established by bone marrow transplantation, can be used as an approach for treating autoimmune disease and inducing transplant tolerance. In this study, we investigated whether a stable, high level of fully MHC-mismatched hematopoietic macrochimerism can be induced by using irradiation-free protocols, and whether rapamycin and T cell costimulatory blockades (anti-CD40L monoclonal antibody (mAb) and CTLA4Ig) as post-transplant treatment promote bone marrow engraftment. Donorspecific blood transfusion (DST), anti-lymphocyte serum (ALS), busulfan, and cyclophosphamide were given pretransplantation. Balb/c (H-2d) bone marrow cells, at a dose of 4 x 107, were infused into each C57BL/6 mouse (H-2b). Rapamycin, anti-CD40L mAb, and CTLX4Ig were then administered, either alone or in combination. Without ALS or busulfan and cyclophosphamide, macrochimerism can only rarely be induced. Donor-specific transfusion (DST) enhances induction of hematopoietic macrochimerism. Rapamycin, anti-CD40L mAb and CTLA4Ig, alone or in combination, induce a stable and high level of hematopoietic macrochimerism. In the chimeric mice, donor-derived cells were detected in all lymphohematopoietic tissues and donor-specific tolerance was induced in vitro. We conclude that a stable and high level of fully MHC-mismatched hematopoietic macrochimerism can be induced in mice after transplanting a single modest dose of bone marrow cells without irradiation. Rapamycin and T cell costimulatory blockade as post-transplant treatment promote bone marrow engraftment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-956
Number of pages8
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Chimerism
  • Immunosuppression
  • Mice

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