Aging-related loss of adult stem cell function contributes to impaired tissue regeneration. Mice deficient in zinc metalloproteinase STE24 (Zmpste24−/−) exhibit premature age-related musculoskeletal pathologies similar to those observed in children with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). We have reported that muscle-derived stem/progenitor cells (MDSPCs) isolated from Zmpste24−/− mice are defective in their proliferation and differentiation capabilities in culture and during tissue regeneration. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) regulates cell growth, and inhibition of the mTORC1 pathway extends the lifespan of several animal species. We therefore hypothesized that inhibition of mTORC1 signaling would rescue the differentiation defects observed in progeroid MDSPCs. MDSPCs were isolated from Zmpste24−/− mice, and the effects of mTORC1 on MDSPC differentiation and function were examined. We found that mTORC1 signaling was increased in senescent Zmpste24−/− MDSPCs, along with impaired chondrogenic, osteogenic, and myogenic differentiation capacity versus wild-type MDSPCs. Interestingly, we observed that mTORC1 inhibition with rapamycin improved myogenic and chondrogenic differentiation and reduced levels of apoptosis and senescence in Zmpste24−/− MDSPCs. Our results demonstrate that age-related adult stem/progenitor cell dysfunction contributes to impaired regenerative capacities and that mTORC1 inhibition may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for improving differentiation capacities of senescent stem and muscle progenitor cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Molecular Therapy - Methods and Clinical Development|
|State||Published - Sep 13 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful for the scientific advice and editorial assistance of Lavanya Rajagopalan and Mary Hall. The work was supported by start-up funding from University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the Steadman Philippon Research Institute , as well as NIH grant NIA P01 AG043376 .
The authors are grateful for the scientific advice and editorial assistance of Lavanya Rajagopalan and Mary Hall. The work was supported by start-up funding from University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the Steadman Philippon Research Institute, as well as NIH grant NIA P01 AG043376.
- multipotent differentiation
- muscle regeneration