The problem of designing a diffractive optical element (DOE) that produces a uniform-intensity beam from a spatially variable source is considered. Under the thin-lens approximation, the DOE is fully characterized by a phase function. Fresnel approximation is used to simplify the relationship between the input amplitude, the phase function, and the image intensity. The case where the light source has partial coherence is considered. A simple design procedure based on a lenslet array is proposed. It is shown that under certain physical assumptions, this 'engineering' solution leads to an effective design capable of producing a uniform intensity from a time-varying, non-uniform source.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Svetlana Rudnaya gratefully acknowledges support from 3M. The authors acknowledge useful discussions with Dr. P. Fleming and Dr. R. Guenther. This research was supported in part by AFOSR through a MURI grant to the University of Delaware and by 3M Corporation.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Approximate method
- Design procedure
- Diffractive optics
- Optical homogenizer