Re-evaluation of the role of Calcium Homeostasis Endoplasmic Reticulum Protein (CHERP) in cellular calcium signaling

Yaping Lin-Moshier, Peter J. Sebastian, LeeAnn Higgins, Natalie D. Sampson, Jane E. Hewitt, Jonathan S. Marchant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Changes in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, resulting from activation of intracellular Ca2+ channels within the endoplasmic reticulum, regulate several aspects of cellular growth and differentiation. Ca2+ homeostasis endoplasmic reticulum protein (CHERP) is a ubiquitously expressed protein that has been proposed as a regulator of both major families of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ channels, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) and ryanodine receptors (RyRs), with resulting effects on mitotic cycling. However, the manner by which CHERP regulates intracellular Ca2+ channels to impact cellular growth is unknown. Here, we challenge previous findings that CHERP acts as a direct cytoplasmic regulator of IP3Rs and RyRs and propose that CHERP acts in the nucleus to impact cellular proliferation by regulating the function of the U2 snRNA spliceosomal complex. The previously reported effects of CHERP on cellular growth therefore are likely indirect effects of altered spliceosomal function, consistent with prior data showing that loss of function of U2 snRNP components can interfere with cell growth and induce cell cycle arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-367
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2013

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