Reactivation of Hepatitis B Virus Infection With Reverse Seroconversion Following Umbilical Cord Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in a Hepatitis-B-Immune Patient: A Case Report

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Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in patients with prior exposure to HBV and protective levels of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) is a rare phenomenon and is termed reverse seroconversion. We describe a case of reactivation of HBV infection following reverse seroconversion in a patient who underwent umbilical cord allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (UHCT). The patient developed acute hepatitis with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBV DNA in the context of prior strongly positive HBsAb. The patient was treated with oral tenofovir and liver function tests returned to normal 3 months later. Long-term monitoring for HBV reactivation should be considered in patients with prior exposure to HBV undergoing UHCT regardless of HBsAb status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-604
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.

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