Real time supernova neutrino burst detection with MACRO

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, G. Auriemma, R. Baker, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, V. Bisi, C. Bloise, C. Bower, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. Campana, M. CarboniM. Castellano, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, P. Celio, V. Chiarella, A. Corona, S. Coutu, L. de Benedictis, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, O. Erriquez, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Grassi, L. Gray, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, P. Guarnaccia, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, A. Hawthorne, R. Heinz, J. T. Hong, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, R. Liu, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, G. Ludlam, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta Neri, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, C. Mazzotta, D. G. Michael, S. Mikheyev, L. Miller, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicoló, R. Nolty, C. Okada, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, S. Parlati, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, S. Petrera, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, A. Rainó, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, U. Rubizzo, A. Sanzgiri, C. Satriano, L. Satta, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra-Lugaresi, M. Severi, M. Sioli, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlé, V. Togo, V. Valente, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The MACRO experiment has been running as a supernova neutrino detector since 1989 and is sensitive to the whole galaxy since the beginning of 1992. A galactic supernova would produce some hundreds of v̄e events in the detector. We describe our stellar gravitational collapse online monitors and alarm system, and present the results of a search for neutrino bursts from supernovae during a period of 1.5 yr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-133
Number of pages11
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the support of the director and of the staff of the Laboratori Nazionali de1 Gran Sasso and the invaluable assistanceo f the technical staff of the Institutions participating in the experiment.W e thank the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the US Departmento f Energy and the US National Science Foundation for their gener- ous support of the MACRO experiment. We thank INFN, ICTP (Trieste) and NATO for providing fellowships and grants for non-Italian citizens.

Keywords

  • Galaxy
  • Stellar gravitational collapse
  • Supernova

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