Granulocyte and macrophage production after burn injury or burn wound infection is significantly reduced and further compromised by endotoxin (ET). Moreover, the macrophage seems to be the major source of this bone marrow suppression. We sought to determine if recombinant human granulocyte colony- stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), a hematopoietic growth factor that is capable of improving survival after experimental burn wound sepsis, altered postburn macrophage-mediated marrow suppression. Groups of male BDF1 mice (n = 6 to 10) receiving a 15% total body surface area burn ± infection (B or B + I) with Pseudomonas aeruginosa were injected with 100 ng rhG-CSF twice daily. On day 3, peritoneal-elicited macrophages (5 x 106 cells/mL) from either rhG- CSF-treated or control (5% dextrose in water) mice were incubated ± ET (300 ng/mL). The resultant macrophage supernatant was added to cultures of target marrow granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (GM-CFC) at a volume of 1:10. The GM-CFC growth as a percentage of cultures not containing macrophage supernatant were compared and reductions in the number of GM-CFC taken as an index of marrow suppression. Macrophages obtained from B and B + I animals reduced target GM-CFC growth, compared with macrophages from normal animals (B vs. normal animals p < 0.05). In addition, ET-stimulated macrophages induced further bone marrow suppression for all three groups (p < 0.01). Macrophages from granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-treated animals caused significantly less bone marrow suppression, compared with untreated animals for all groups (p < 0.05 to 0.01). Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration postburn, in addition to serving as a direct bone marrow stimulant, also alters the macrophage secretory profile and ameliorates macrophage-induced bone marrow suppression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1995|