Recombinant ricin A chain was chemically linked to monoclonal antibodies directed toward human breast cancer cells, a human T-cell differentiation antigen, and mouse transferrin receptor. Three types of immu-notoxins were prepared; in two of them the antibody was linked to recombinant ricin A chain by a disulfide bond and in the third, a nonreducible thioether bond was used. Immunotoxins containing a non-reducible linkage may have some advantage over conjugates containing a reducible linkage because of improved stability in vivo. Conjugation of recombinant ricin A chain through either the endogenous thiol group or through a derivatized amino group produced immunotoxins with comparable cytotoxicity. The thioether coqjugate was 1000-fold less cytotoxic to target tumor cells than the respective disulfide-linked immunotoxin. However, addition of monensin, a monocarboxylic ionophore, greatly enhanced the cytotoxicity of the thioether-linked immunotoxin. Monensin increased the immunotoxin activity better than other lysosomotropic reagents that were tested. The increase in activity of recombinant ricin A chain-containing immunotoxins mediated by monensin argues against a role for contaminating ricin B chain in potentiation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1989|