Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) offers a surgical option for advanced heart failure when optimal medical therapy is inadequate. MCS therapy improves prognosis, functional status, and quality of life.1,2 The INTERMACS (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support) tracks patient selection and outcomes for all implanted US Food and Drug Administration-approved MCS devices. From June 2006 until December 2014, 15 000 patients received MCS, and 2000 implantations are performed annually. One-year survival with current continuous-flow devices is reported to be 80%, and 2-year survival, 70%.3 In patients awaiting heart transplantation, MCS provides a bridge to transplantation, and for others who are ineligible for heart transplantation, MCS provides permanent support or destination therapy. Indications and absolute and relative contraindications to durable MCS are listed in Table 1.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.
- AHA Scientific Statements
- ambulatory care
- congestive heart failure
- emergency care
- emergency first responders
- ventricular assist device