Redesign, reconstruction, and directed extension of the brevibacterium linens C40 carotenoid pathway in escherichia coli

Se Hyeuk Kim, Yun Hee Park, Claudia Schmidt-Dannert, Pyung Cheon Lee

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38 Scopus citations


In this study, the carotenoid biosynthetic pathways of Brevibacterium linens DSMZ 20426 were reconstructed, redesigned, and extended with additional carotenoid-modifying enzymes of other sources in a heterologous host Escherichia coli. The modular lycopene pathway synthesized an unexpected carotenoid structure, 3, 4-didehydrolycopene, as well as lycopene. Extension of the novel 3,4-didehydrolycopene pathway with the mutant Pantoea lycopene cyclase CrtY 2 and the Rhodobacter spheroidene monooxygenase CrtA generated monocyclic torulene and acyclic oxocarotenolds, respectively. The reconstructed β-carotene pathway synthesized an unexpected 7,8-dihydro-β-carotene in addition to β-carotene. Extension of the β-carotene pathway with the B. linens β-ring desaturase CrtU and Pantoea β-carotene hydroxylase CrtZ generated asymmetric carotenoid agelaxanthin A, which had one aromatic ring at the one end of carotene backbone and one hydroxyl group at the other end, as well as aromatic carotenoid isorenieratene and dihydroxy carotenoid zeaxanthin. These results demonstrate that reconstruction of the biosynthetic pathways and extension with promiscuous enzymes in a heterologous host holds promise as a rational strategy for generating structurally diverse compounds that are hardly accessible In nature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5199-5206
Number of pages8
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 2010


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