Reduced-gliadin wheat bread: An alternative to the gluten-free diet for consumers suffering gluten-related pathologies

Javier Gil-Humanes, Fernando Pistón, Rossana Altamirano-Fortoul, Ana Real, Isabel Comino, Carolina Sousa, Cristina M. Rosell, Francisco Barro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wheat flour cannot be tolerated by those who suffer allergies to gluten. Human pathologies associated with grain proteins have increased worldwide in recent years, and the only effective treatment available is a lifelong gluten-free diet, which is complicated to follow and detrimental to gut health. This manuscript describes the development of wheat bread potentially suitable for celiac patients and other gluten-intolerant individuals. We have made bread using wheat flour with very low content of the specific gluten proteins (near gliadin-free) that are the causal agents for pathologies such as celiac disease. Loaves were compared with normal wheat breads and rice bread. Organoleptic, nutritional, and immunotoxic properties were studied. The reduced-gliadin breads showed baking and sensory properties, and overall acceptance, similar to those of normal flour, but with up to 97% lower gliadin content. Moreover, the low-gliadin flour has improved nutritional properties since its lysine content is significantly higher than that of normal flour. Conservative estimates indicate that celiac patients could safely consume 67 grams of bread per day that is made with low-gliadin flour. However, additional studies, such as feeding trials with gluten-intolerant patients, are still needed in order to determine whether or not the product can be consumed by the general celiac population, as well as the actual tolerated amount that can be safely ingested. The results presented here offer a major opportunity to improve the quality of life for millions of sufferers of gluten intolerance throughout the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere90898
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2014

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