In order to reduce coke yield during catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass, MgO and 2,4-dimethylquinoline (2,4-DMQ) were selected to reduce the number of external acid sites of HZSM-5. Both MgO and 2,4-DMQ deposition could cause a reduction in total acid sites (both weak acid sites and strong acid sites) and external acid sites of HZSM-5. The modified catalysts were used for the catalytic conversion of bio-derived furan. For the MgO/HZSM-5 catalyst, the effects of amount of MgO deposited and deposition time were studied. The carbon yields of aromatics, C2-C5 olefins, total chemicals, CO2 and CO increased at first and then decreased slightly when the deposited amount increased, while the carbon yield of coke decreased first and then increased gradually. Furthermore, as the deposited time increased, the carbon yields of petrochemicals, CO2 and CO increased greatly, whereas that of coke decreased. For the 2,4-DMQ/HZSM-5 catalyst, the effects of 2,4-DMQ treatment amount and treatment time were investigated. The experimental results showed that an increase in 2,4-DMQ treatment amount or treatment time could retard the generation of the target products, CO2 and CO but promote coke formation.
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