Reducing structural variation to determine the genetics of white matter integrity across hemispheres - a dti study of 100 twins

Neda Jahanshad, Agatha D. Lee, Natasha Lepore, Yi Yu Chou, Caroline Brun, Marina Barysheva, Arthur W. Toga, Katie L. McMahon, Greig I De Zubicaray, Margaret J. Wright, Guillermo Sapiro, Christophe Lenglet, Paul M. Thompson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Studies of cerebral asymmetry can open doors to understanding the functional specialization of each brain hemisphere, and how this is altered in disease. Here we examined hemispheric asymmetries in fiber architecture using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in 100 subjects, using high-dimensional fluid warping to disentangle shape differences from measures sensitive to myelination. Confounding effects of purely structural asymmetries were reduced by using co-registered structural images to fluidly warp 3D maps of fiber characteristics (fractional and geodesic anisotropy) to a structurally symmetric minimal deformation template (MDT). We performed a quantitative genetic analysis on 100 subjects to determine whether the sources of the remaining signal asymmetries were primarily genetic or environmental. A twin design was used to identify the heritable features of fiber asymmetry in various regions of interest, to further assist in the discovery of genes influencing brain micro-architecture and brain lateralization. Genetic influences and left/right asymmetries were detected in the fiber architecture of the frontal lobes, with minor differences depending on the choice of registration template.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009
Pages819-822
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2009Jul 1 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009

Other

Other2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period6/28/097/1/09

Keywords

  • Brain Asymmetry
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)
  • Fiber Architecture
  • Genetics
  • Minimal Deformation Template

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