Reduction of endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors in Bruch's membrane of the submacular region in eyes with age-related macular degeneration.

Imran A Bhutto, Koichi Uno, Carol Merges, Lei Zhang, D Scott McLeod, Gerard A Lutty

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:To determine the relative levels of 3 potent inhibitors of angiogenesis (endostatin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, and thrombospondin 1) in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane-choriocapillaris complex in the submacular region in aged control eyes and eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).\n\nMETHODS:Immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies against endostatin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, and thrombospondin 1 was performed on the macular region of aged control donor eyes (n = 8; mean age, 79.8 years) and eyes with AMD (n = 12; mean age, 83.9 years). Three independent masked observers scored the reaction product (scored from 0-7). Mean scores from the control eyes and the eyes with AMD were analyzed using 1-way analysis of variance and unpaired t test.\n\nRESULTS:In control eyes, strong immunoreactivity of all 3 inhibitors was observed in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane-choriocapillaris complex. Immunoreactivity for endostatin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, and thrombospondin 1 in Bruch's membrane was significantly lower in eyes with AMD compared with aged control eyes (analysis of variance, P = .003, P = .009, and P <.001, respectively). In the choriocapillaris, a significant reduction was observed in endostatin (analysis of variance, P = .02) and thrombospondin 1 (analysis of variance, P = .005) in eyes with AMD.\n\nCONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest that endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane-choriocapillaris complex may provide a biochemical barrier for choroidal neovascular invasion.\n\nCLINICAL RELEVANCE:Decreased levels of angiogenic inhibitors at the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane-choriocapillaris complex in eyes with AMD make Bruch's membrane vulnerable to choroidal neovascularization.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-678
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

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