TY - GEN

T1 - Reformulating CSPs for scalability with application to geospatial reasoning

AU - Bayer, Kenneth M.

AU - Michalowski, Martin

AU - Choueiry, Berthe Y.

AU - Knoblock, Craig A.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - While many real-world combinatorial problems can be advantageously modeled and solved using Constraint Programming, scalability remains a major issue in practice. Constraint models that accurately reflect the inherent structure of a problem, solvers that exploit the properties of this structure, and reformulation techniques that modify the problem encoding to reduce the cost of problem solving are typically used to overcome the complexity barrier. In this paper, we investigate such approaches in a geospatial reasoning task, the building-identification problem (BID), introduced and modeled as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem by Michalowski and Knoblock [1]. We introduce an improved constraint model, a custom solver for this problem, and a number of reformulation techniques that modify various aspects of the problem encoding to improve scalability. We show how interleaving these reformulations with the various stages of the solver allows us to solve much larger BID problems than was previously possible. Importantly, we describe the usefulness of our reformulations techniques for general Constraint Satisfaction Problems, beyond the BID application.

AB - While many real-world combinatorial problems can be advantageously modeled and solved using Constraint Programming, scalability remains a major issue in practice. Constraint models that accurately reflect the inherent structure of a problem, solvers that exploit the properties of this structure, and reformulation techniques that modify the problem encoding to reduce the cost of problem solving are typically used to overcome the complexity barrier. In this paper, we investigate such approaches in a geospatial reasoning task, the building-identification problem (BID), introduced and modeled as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem by Michalowski and Knoblock [1]. We introduce an improved constraint model, a custom solver for this problem, and a number of reformulation techniques that modify various aspects of the problem encoding to improve scalability. We show how interleaving these reformulations with the various stages of the solver allows us to solve much larger BID problems than was previously possible. Importantly, we describe the usefulness of our reformulations techniques for general Constraint Satisfaction Problems, beyond the BID application.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38149051495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38149051495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:38149051495

SN - 3540749691

SN - 9783540749691

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 164

EP - 179

BT - Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2007 - 13th International Conference, CP 2007, Proceedings

T2 - 13th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2007

Y2 - 23 September 2007 through 27 September 2007

ER -