Reformulation of pizza crust in restaurants may increase whole-grain intake among children

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Whole-grain intake among children is well below recommendations. The purpose of the present study was to test the acceptability and liking of pizza made with whole-grain crust compared with refined-grain crust among children in restaurant and school settings. Design Plate waste data were collected via observation from child restaurant patrons consuming pizza made with either whole-grain or refined-grain crust. Waste was estimated by trained observers over eight months (August 2012-March 2013). Percentage waste was calculated and compared by crust type. A taste test was conducted with school children who tasted pizza made with whole-grain crust alongside pizza made with refined-grain crust and rated their liking of each product. Liking ratings were compared by crust type. Setting Five Green Mill restaurant (a Midwest US chain) locations and one elementary school in the Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota, USA. Subjects Child restaurant patrons (n 394) and school children (n 120, grades 3-5). Results Children consumed as much of the pizza made with whole-grain crust (42·1 %) as the pizza made with refined-grain crust (44·6 %; P=0·55), based on an average serving size of 350-400 g. Liking ratings for both types of pizza were high (>4·5 of 5) and did not differ by crust type (P=0·47). Conclusions These positive consumption and liking outcomes indicate that whole-grain pizza crust is well accepted among children in a restaurant setting. The impact on whole-grain intake could be substantial if large, national restaurant chains served pizza made with whole-grain crust.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1407-1411
Number of pages5
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Authors 2014.

Keywords

  • Children's meals
  • Pizza
  • Restaurant meals
  • Whole grains
  • Whole-grain intake

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