Chemotactic cytokines coordinate the recruitment of leukocytes into the lung during pulmonary inflammation. In a previous study, we determined that rat pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAMs) facilitate monocyte recruitment and activation in the lung during acute inflammatory lung injury, in part, through the inducible expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). MCP-1 is an 11 to 15 kD basic peptide that specifically mediates monocyte chemotaxis and activation. Inflammatory mediators that regulate the expression and secretion of MCP-1 by rat PAMs have not been identified. We determined that stimulation of resident rat PAMs with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), murine tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or human interleukin-1 beta resulted in the inducible expression of MCP-1 mRNA and the secretion of biologically active MCP-1. In contrast, phorbol myristate acetate, a nonphysiologic leukocyte activator, was significantly less effective in stimulating either enhanced MCP-1 mRNA expression or secretion of MCP-1. These results indicate that the expression of MCP-1 mRNA and the secretion of MCP-1 by rat PAMs are regulated by bacterial products (LPS) and inflammatory cytokines. Further, these results suggest PAMs are regulated by bacterial products (LPS) and inflammatory cytokines. Further, these results suggest that resident PAMs, through elaboration of MCP-1, may play a pivotal role in regulating recruitment and activation of monocytes in the lung during acute inflammatory lung injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology|
|State||Published - Jan 1995|