In mice implanted with a morphine pellet for 3 days and subsequently withdrawn for various periods of time, a single injection of morphine results in a rapid and marked sensitization of abstinent mice to naloxone induced jumping behavior when compared to abstinent mice pretreated with saline or to placebo withdrawn mice given a single morphine injection. Maximum sensitization of abstinent mice occurs at morphine doses of about 10 to 30 mg/kg and peaks at 0.5 to 2 hours after morphine administration. The ability of morphine to sensitize abstinent mice to naloxone declines with time after pellet removal and appears to consist of two components, one with a short T(0.5) and one with a much longer T(0.5). Abstinent mice are also sensitized to naloxone by levorphanol and methadone, but not by dextrorphan. It is proposed that the administration of a narcotic drug to abstinent mice uncovers a latent, pre existing state of physical dependence and restores the responsiveness of this state to naloxone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1976|