Relationship between tobacco cessation and mental health outcomes in a tobacco cessation trial

Paul Krebs, Erin Rogers, David Smelson, Steven S Fu, Binhuan Wang, Scott Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Persons with mental health diagnoses use tobacco at alarming rates, yet misperceptions remain about the effect of quitting on mental health outcomes. This article examines the relationship between tobacco cessation and changes in severity of mental illness. Participants were N = 577 veterans with a history of mental health treatment enrolled in a tobacco cessation study. The effects of abstinence and time on Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale–24 summary scores and subscales were examined. Abstinence at both 2 and 6 months post-baseline was related (p <.0001) to lower Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale–24 summary scores and improvement on three Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale–24 subscales. Providers should recommend and provide tobacco treatment to all mental health patients to improve their physical and mental health functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1128
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Office of Research and Development, and Health Services Research and Development, grant #SDP 07-034.

Funding Information:
The views expressed within are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs. The authors also thank the research assistants and counselors for their tremendous efforts on this project. Finally, the authors thank the state Quitlines for their support for the project and their assistance in streamlining the warm-transfer procedures for Quitline participants. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Office of Research and Development, and Health Services Research and Development, grant #SDP 07-034.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, The Author(s) 2016.

Keywords

  • health behavior
  • mental illness
  • nicotine dependence
  • smoking cessation
  • substance abuse

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