We compared pooled mortality and morbidity results from nine randomized trials of antihypertensive drug treatment (total n = 43,139), in which diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was reduced by a mean of 5.8 mmHg, with mortality and morbidity differences associated with the same DBP difference in two large prospective, observational studies [the follow-up study of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) screenees and the Framingham Study]. These results indicate that the effect on stroke of BP reduction in the trials (-36%, 95% confidence interval +/- 10%) was about 80% of that estimated from the epidemiological studies, suggesting that the effects of long-term BP elevation on the cerebral vasculature are mostly reversible over 5-6 years of BP reduction. For coronary heart disease (CHD), the effect of BP reduction in the trials (-9 +/- 10%) was about 36% of that estimated from the epidemiological studies. This difference may reflect chronic processes involved in the pathophysiological association of BP with CHD; however, selective treatment of control patients at high risk of CHD and an adverse effect of diuretics on serum cholesterol may have influenced the effect of treatment in the trials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension|
|State||Published - Dec 1986|