Renal denervation chronically lowers arterial pressure independent of dietary sodium intake in normal rats

Frédéric Jacob, Pilar Ariza, John W. Osborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that renal nerves chronically modulate arterial pressure (AP) under basal conditions and during changes in dietary salt intake. To test this hypothesis, continuous telemetric recording of AP in intact (sham) and renal denervated (RDNX) Sprague-Dawley rats was performed and the effect of increasing and decreasing dietary salt intake on AP was determined. In protocol 1, 24-h AP, sodium, and water balances were measured in RDNX (n = 11) and sham (n = 9) rats during 5 days of normal (0.4% NaCl) and 10 days of high (4.0% NaCl) salt intake, followed by a 3-day recovery period (0.4% NaCl). Protocol 2 was similar with the exception that salt intake was decreased to 0.04% NaCl for 10 days after the 5-day period of normal salt (0.04% NaCI) intake (RDNX; n = 6, sham; n = 5). In protocol 1, AP was lower in RDNX (91+ 1 mmHg) compared with sham (101 ± 2 mmHg) rats during the 5-day 0.4% NaCl control period. During the 10 days of high salt intake, AP increased <5 mmHg in both groups so that the difference between sham and RDNX rats remained constant. In protocol 2, AP was also lower in RDNX (93 ± 2 mmHg) compared with sham (105 ± 4 mmHg) rats during the 5-day 0.4% NaCl control period, and AP did not change in response to 10 days of a low-salt diet in either group. Overall, there were no between-group differences in sodium or water balance in either protocol. We conclude that renal nerves support basal levels of AP, irrespective of dietary sodium intake in normal rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2302-H2310
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume284
Issue number6 53-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Renal vascular resistance
  • Sympathetic nervous system

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