Renal function and risk of hip and vertebral fractures in older women

Kristine E. Ensrud, Li Ying Lui, Brent C. Taylor, Areef Ishani, Michael G. Shlipak, Katie L. Stone, Jane A. Cauley, Sophie A. Jamal, Diana M. Antoniucci, Steven R. Cummings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

199 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: An increased rate of hip fractures has been reported in patients with end-stage renal disease, but the effect of less severe renal dysfunction on fracture risk is uncertain. Methods: We conducted a case-cohort study within a cohort of 9704 women 65 years or older to compare baseline renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] using the Cockcroft-Gault equation) in 149 women who subsequently had hip fractures and 150 women who subsequently had vertebral fractures with eGRF in 396 randomly selected women. Results: In models adjusted for age, weight, and calcaneal bone density, decreasing eGFR was associated with increased risk of hip fracture. Compared with women with an eGFR 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 or greater, the hazard ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) for hip fracture was 1.57 (95% CI, 0.89-2.76) in those with an eGFR 45 to 59 mL/min per 1.73 m2 and 2.32 (95% CI, 1.15-4.68) in those with an eGFR less than 45 mL/min per 1.73 m 2 (P for trend=.02). In particular, women with a reduced eGFR were at increased risk of trochanteric hip fracture (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.93 [95% CI, 1.37-11.30] in women with an eGFR 45-59 mL/min per 1.73 m2 and 7.17 [95% CI, 1.93-26.67] in women with an eGFR <45 mL/min per 1.73 m 2; P for trend=.004). Renal function was not independently associated with risk of vertebral fracture (adjusted odds ratio, 1.08 [95% CI, 0.61-1.92] in women with an eGFR 45-59 mL/min per 1.73 m2 and 1.33 [95% CI, 0.63-2.80] in women with an eGFR <45 mL/min per 1.73 m2; P for trend=.47). Conclusion: Older women with moderate renal dysfunction are at increased risk of hip fracture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume167
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2007

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