Increasing attention is paid to the Handoff Process and EHR-integrated tools to enhance the Handoff Process and aid in creating Handoff Notes are becoming more prevalent. In this study, we attempted to determine the ideal content of the Handoff Note based on the preferences of the resident physicians for whom the tool was being constructed. This commenced with an initial semi-structured interview and culminated in a large-scale survey. Overall, 315 resident physicians completed the survey. Plan of Care, Illness Severity, and Patient Summary were the most important content elements to resident physicians. The importance and trustworthiness of other content elements, as well as their preferred display and level of granularity within the Handoff Note, varied considerably. Subjective assessment by a colleague of a patient's hospital course and plan of care, rather than any single piece of objective data, are preferred as ideal content for Handoff Note composition by resident physicians.