Resilience, Ambiguous Loss, and Older Same-Sex Couples: The Resilience Constellation Model

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16 Scopus citations


Secondary data analysis examined factors contributing to successful long-term same-sex relationships in older adults. An online survey of couple satisfaction and life factors provided data from 156 participants. Constructivist grounded theory methods were applied to analyze responses to open-ended questions regarding perceived supports and threats and 'people or things' contributing to relationship longevity. The resulting Resilience Constellation model identified concepts of: maturity, couple integration, compatibility, complementarity, and ambiguity of external support. This model can be used as a practitioner tool to assess couple resiliency and ambiguity related to societal, social, and intrarelationship stressors. Suggestions for application of the model and further research are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-88
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Social Service Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012


  • Ambiguous loss
  • gay
  • lesbian
  • relationship longevity
  • resilience
  • same-sex couples

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