Response surface optimization for the transesterification of karanja oil using immobilized whole cells of Rhizopus oryzae in n-hexane system

Devanesan Ganesan, Aravindan Rajendran, Viruthagiri Thangavelu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-edible oils represent one of the most viable alternative feed stocks for the production of large volumes of biodiesel at cheaper cost in tropical countries. The objective of the present study is to investigate the ability of the immobilized whole cells of Rhizopus oryzae MTCC 262 to catalyze the biodiesel production from karanja oil in n-hexane system. Response surface methodology was employed to evaluate the effects of synthesis parameters, such as molar ratio of oil to alcohol, reaction temperature and reaction time on percentage biodiesel (methyl esters) yield. Transesterification was performed in shake flasks containing immobilized cells in the reaction mixture with 10% oil weight of n-hexane. The quadratic effects of molar ratio of oil to alcohol and reaction time proved to be the significant at 1% and 5% levels, respectively. The optimum synthesis conditions were found to be: molar ratio of oil to alcohol 1:2. 73, reaction temperature 41. 39°C and reaction time 73. 97 h. Biodiesel yield (methyl ester) was 75. 98 (wt.%) under the optimal conditions and the subsequent verification experiments with biodiesel yield of 78. 0 (wt.%) confirmed the validity of the proposed model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Karanja oil
  • Response surface methodology
  • Transesterification
  • Whole cell biocatalyst

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