Resistance to the chlorosis factor of tan spot of wheat, caused by the ascomycete Pyrenophora tritici-repentis, has been reported to be quantitative and a single quantitative trait loci (QTL), QTsc.ndsu-1A, explained 35% of the variation for resistance to a single isolate in seedlings of recombinant inbred (RI) lines derived from the cross W-7984/Opata 85. The objectives of this study were to determine the number and locations of genes conditioning resistance to the same isolate in adult plants of this population and three isolates in seedlings of wheat RI lines derived from the cross W-7976/Trenton. An extensive restriction fragment length polymorphism map exists for the W-7984/Opata 85 population, and markers significantly associated (P < 0.01) with resistance to tan spot were selected to analyze the W-7976/Trenton population. A multiple regression model accounted for 49% of the variation for resistance in adult plants with QTsc.ndsu-IA, explaining 26% of the variation. QTsc.ndsu-1A explained 47, 58, and 64% of the variation for resistance in seedlings to isolates Pti2, 78-62, and D308, respectively. These results showed that the QTL for tan spot resistance on chromosome 1AS was effective in both seedlings and adult plants and against isolates from different races of P. tritici-repentis.