Target structures important for natural killer (NK) cell recognition of virally infected cells are not well defined. Since major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules bind viral peptides during acute infection, we evaluated whether an interaction between MHC and virus might influence the susceptibility of infected cells to NK cell-mediated lysis. To control for MHC class I expression on target cells, we used either HLA class I-deficient C1R cells or C1R sublines expressing transfected HLA class I gene products. Human NK cells were unable to preferentially lyse class I-deflcient C1R cells after infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV). In contrast, HLA class I transfectants were significantly more susceptible to NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity after HSV infection. This occurred for HSV-infected C1R cells expressing any of the three HLA class I gene products tested (i.e., HLA-B27, HLA-A3, or HLA-Aw68), indicating that NK cell recognition in this system does not require "self" MHC and is not unique for a single haplotype. Productive HSV infection is required for the increased killing, since inoculation with UV-inactivated virus did not lead to increased lysis. In addition, since HSV infection of the transfectants did not significantly alter the level of class I expression, the change in susceptibility appears to be due to qualitative changes in the target structures on HSV-infected, HLA class I+ targets. These results demonstrate a role for MHC class I in regulating NK cell-mediated killing of virus-infected cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|
- Cell-mediated cytotoxicity
- Herpes simplex virus
- Histocompatibility antigens