Role of secretoglobin 3A2 in lung development

Reiko Kurotani, Takeshi Tomita, Qian Yang, Bradley A. Carlson, Chi Chen, Shioko Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Secretoglobin 3A2 (SCGB3A2) was originally identified as a downstream target in lung for the homeodomain transcription factor NKX2-1, whose null mutation resulted in severely hypoplastic lungs. A very low level of SCGB3A2 is expressed in lungs at Embryonic Day (E) 11.5 during mouse development, which markedly increases by E16.5, the time when lung undergoes dramatic morphologic changes, suggesting that SCGB3A2 may be involved in lung development in addition to a known role in lung inflammation. Objectives: To determine whether SCGB3A2 plays a role in lung development. Methods: To assess a potential role for SCGB3A2 during early lung development, wild-type and Nkx2-1-null fetal lungs of early developmental stages were subjected to ex vivo organ culture in the presence of SCGB3A2. Nkx2-1-null fetuses were exposed to SCGB3A2 during early organogenesis period through intravenous administration of this protein to Nkx2-1-heterozygous pregnant females carrying these null fetuses. Cultured lungs and fetal lungs were subjected to histologic and immunohistochemical analyses. To assess a role for SCGB3A2 in late lung development, SCGB3A2 was administered to pregnant wild-type females during mid- to late organogenesis stages, and the preterm pups and/or their lungs were evaluated for extent of maturity using breathing motion, gross morphology and histology of lungs, expression of gestational stage-specific genes, and phospholipid profiles. Measurements and Main Results: SCGB3A2 significantly promoted both early and late stages of lung development. Conclusions: SCGB3A2 is a novel growth factor in lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-398
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

Keywords

  • Fetal lung development
  • Growth factor
  • NKX2-1
  • Secretoglobin 3A2
  • Uteroglobin-related protein 1

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