Safety and efficacy of autologous serum eye drop for treatment of dry eyes in graft-versus-host disease

Amir A. Azari, Remzi Karadag, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, Sarah Nehls, Neal Barney, Kyungmann Kim, Walter Longo, Peiman Hematti, Mark Juckett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the treatment of autologous serum eye drops (ASED) on dry eyes in patients with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Methods: A retrospective chart review of 35 patients with a history of ocular GVHD following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that used ASED to alleviate dry eye symptoms was performed. Patients were categorized into three different groups. If patients had available ophthalmic data before and after starting treatment was group 1 (n = 14), had available ophthalmic data after starting treatment in group 2 (n = 10) and had available ophthalmic data before treatment or did not have any data after starting treatment in group 3 (n = 11). Data were collected on patient’s age, gender, primary diagnosis, visual acuity and fluorescein corneal staining were collected on individual eyes in order to evaluate the efficacy of the ASED on alleviating dry eye-related signs and symptoms. Results: No adverse ocular effect from the ASED was found in our series (except one fungal keratitis). All patients reported either improvement (55%) or stability (45%) in their ocular symptoms upon the use of ASED. In patients with available data before and after starting treatment, the corneal staining score improved by a median of 1 (p = 0.003) and the LogMAR visual acuity had a non-significant improvement. Conclusion: In our study, ASED used by patients with ocular GVHD were both safe and effective. ASED should be considered in patients with GVHD who suffer from dry eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-156
Number of pages5
JournalCutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Autologous serum eye drops
  • cornea
  • dry eye
  • graft-versus-host disease

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