We have used a recently synthesized indane-dione spin label (2-[-oxyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-pyrrolin-3-yl)methenyl]in dane-1,3-dione (InVSL) to study the rotational dynamics of myosin, with saturation-transfer electron paramagnetic resonance (ST-EPR). To determine effective rotational correlation times (tau effr) from InVSL spectra, reference spectra corresponding to known correlation times (tau r) were obtained from InVSL-hemoglobin undergoing isotropic rotational motion in aqueous glycerol solutions. These spectra were used to generate plots of spectral parameters vs. tau r. These plots should be used to analyze ST-EPR spectra of InVSL bound to other proteins, because the spectra are different from those of tempo-maleimide-spin-labeled hemoglobin, which have been used previously as ST-EPR standards. InVSL was covalently attached to the head (subfragment-1; S1) of myosin. EPR spectra and K/EDTA-ATPase activity showed that 70–95% of the heads were labeled, with > or = 90% of the label bound to either cys 707 (SH1) or cys 697 (SH2). ST-EPR spectra of InVSL-S1 attached to glass beads, bound to actin in myofibrils, or precipitated with ammonium sulfate indicated no submillisecond rotational motion. Therefore, InVSL is rigidly immobilized on the protein so that it reports the global rotation of the myosin head. The ST-EPR spectra of InVSL-myosin monomers and filaments indicated tau effr values of 4 and 13 microseconds, respectively, showing that myosin heads undergo microsecond segmental rotations that are more restricted in filaments than in monomers. The observed tau effr values are longer than those previously obtained with other spin labels bound to myosin heads, probably because InVSL binds more rigidly to the protein and/or with a different orientation. Further EPR studies of InVSL-myosin in solution and in muscle fibers should prove complementary to previous work with other labels.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Renee J. Hoffman for assistance with protein preparations and biochemical assays. We also thank Robert L. H. Bennett, and Franz L. Nisswandt for technical assistance. This work was supported by a grant to D. Thomas from the National Institutes of Health (AR-3296 1) and by grants to K. Hideg from the Hungarian Ministry of Welfare (T-575/ 1990) and the Hungarian Re- search Foundation (3/42/1990).