School-Based Interventions for Anxious Children: Long-Term Follow-Up

Susanne S. Lee, Andrea M. Victor, Matthew G. James, Lauren E. Roach, Gail A. Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This study examined the long-term outcomes of a nonclinical sample of anxious children (N = 61) who were randomized by school to 9 weeks of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children, group CBT for children plus parent training, or no-treatment control. Parents and children completed measures of anxiety symptoms at baseline, posttreatment, and at 3-, 6-, 12-month, 2-, and 3-year posttreatment follow-ups. Piecewise longitudinal growth curve analyses were applied to the data. When the two CBT groups were combined and compared with control, the combined treatment group showed significantly greater reduction in children’s anxiety severity based on the parent ratings in the first longitudinal phase. However, on the parent Clinician Severity Rating, gains were maintained to 3 years. Child report revealed no significant differences between groups on anxiety reduction. This study maintained a small no-treatment control group during the entire follow-up period. From parental perspective only, school-based group CBT appeared to be beneficial in decreasing severity of anxiety symptoms and maintaining gains over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-193
Number of pages11
JournalChild psychiatry and human development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Follow-up study
  • School-based intervention

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