The purpose of this article is to update the primary care community on the evidence and guidelines for cardiovascular disease screening in a general-risk adult population, with the goal of assisting clinicians in developing an evidence-based approach toward screening. This article discusses global risk assessment and screening strategies, including blood pressure, lipids, C-reactive protein, homocysteine, coronary artery calcium score, carotid intima-media thickness, ultrasound of the abdominal aorta, and electrocardiography.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Drs M.L. Wallace and J.A. Ricco are supported by a National Research Service Award ( T32HP10010 ) from the Health Resources and Services Administration to the University of Wisconsin Department of Family Medicine. Dr B. Barrett is supported by a Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research and Mentoring ( K24AT006543 ) from NIH NCCAM.
- Cardiovascular disease screening
- General-risk adult population
- Primary care