Purpose: We present the experience of a multidisciplinary center for disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) in treating females requiring vaginoplasty. Specifically, we evaluate outcomes and compliance with follow-up protocols in patients undergoing secondary vaginoplasties. Materials/methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive DSD patients who underwent feminizing genitoplasties in 2006-2010. A subset of patients were instructed in vaginal self-dilation at time of secondary vaginoplasty. Through follow-up visits and administered questionnaires we assessed outcomes, compliance and overall satisfaction. Results: Twenty-two feminizing genitoplasties were completed during the study interval. There were no postoperative complications; average blood loss was 74 ml and mean length of stay was 3 days. Ten females underwent secondary vaginoplasty. The response rate to questionnaires was 5 of 9. Age of initiation for self-dilation ranged from 8 to 24 years. Initial compliance two months postoperatively was good, but diminished 12-24 months after surgery. Responses to the quality-of-life questionnaire were diverse, reflecting a range of patient ages and varied experiences. Conclusion: A multidisciplinary, comprehensive approach is necessary to care for patients with DSD due to psychosexual, medical and reconstructive concerns. A secondary vaginoplasty to facilitate menarche and psychosocial concerns is feasible with minimal complications, though compliance and toleration with regard to post-surgical dilation regimens is variable.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Disorders of sexual differentiation
- Feminizing genitoplasty;
- Self-dilation regimen