Secondary vaginoplasty for disorders for sexual differentiation: Is there a right time? Challenges with compliance and follow-up at a multidisciplinary center

Katie H. Willihnganz-Lawson, Sumit Isharwal, Jane M. Lewis, Kyriakie Sarafoglou, Anne Boisclair-Fahey, Aseem R. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We present the experience of a multidisciplinary center for disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) in treating females requiring vaginoplasty. Specifically, we evaluate outcomes and compliance with follow-up protocols in patients undergoing secondary vaginoplasties. Materials/methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive DSD patients who underwent feminizing genitoplasties in 2006-2010. A subset of patients were instructed in vaginal self-dilation at time of secondary vaginoplasty. Through follow-up visits and administered questionnaires we assessed outcomes, compliance and overall satisfaction. Results: Twenty-two feminizing genitoplasties were completed during the study interval. There were no postoperative complications; average blood loss was 74 ml and mean length of stay was 3 days. Ten females underwent secondary vaginoplasty. The response rate to questionnaires was 5 of 9. Age of initiation for self-dilation ranged from 8 to 24 years. Initial compliance two months postoperatively was good, but diminished 12-24 months after surgery. Responses to the quality-of-life questionnaire were diverse, reflecting a range of patient ages and varied experiences. Conclusion: A multidisciplinary, comprehensive approach is necessary to care for patients with DSD due to psychosexual, medical and reconstructive concerns. A secondary vaginoplasty to facilitate menarche and psychosocial concerns is feasible with minimal complications, though compliance and toleration with regard to post-surgical dilation regimens is variable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-632
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Disorders of sexual differentiation
  • Feminizing genitoplasty;
  • Self-dilation regimen
  • Vaginoplasty

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