Secure Massive MIMO under Imperfect CSI: Performance Analysis and Channel Prediction

Tinghan Yang, Rongqing Zhang, Xiang Cheng, Liuqing Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


In recent years, physical layer security has been regarded as a promising technique to facilitate secure communications in next generation mobile systems, where theoretically massive MIMO can significantly enhance the system secrecy performance under its advantage in shaping the transmitted signals to null the interference or leakage. However, in practical systems, the achievable secrecy performance under imperfect channel state information (CSI) deserves further investigation. In this paper, we give a detailed analysis about the physical layer security problem in a multi-user massive MIMO system with imperfect CSI. The considered imperfect CSI includes both the outdated CSI due to the transmission and processing delay, and the channel estimation error. We first derive a tight asymptotic lower bound of the ergodic system secrecy capacity under imperfect CSI, and then analyze how imperfect CSI affects the system secrecy performance. Moreover, we propose a channel prediction scheme that can result in more accurate CSI, in order to alleviate the negative effect on the achievable system secrecy capacity caused by imperfect CSI. Simulation results reveal that the imperfect CSI greatly reduces the system secrecy capacity, while our designed channel prediction scheme can effectively mitigate the harmful impact of imperfect CSI and thus improve the system secrecy performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8543651
Pages (from-to)1610-1623
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • channel prediction
  • imperfect CSI
  • Massive MIMO
  • physical layer security

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