Sedimenticola thiotaurini sp. Nov., a sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from salt marsh sediments, and emended descriptions of the genus sedimenticola and sedimenticola selenatireducens

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Abstract

A marine facultative anaerobe, strain SIP-G1T, was isolated from salt marsh sediments, Falmouth, MA, USA. Phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that it belongs to an unclassified clade of Gammaproteobacteria that includes numerous sulfur-oxidizing bacteria that are endosymbionts of marine invertebrates endemic to sulfidic habitats. Strain SIP-G1T is a member of the genus Sedimenticola, of which there is one previously described isolate, Sedimenticola selenatireducens AK4OH1T. S. selenatireducens AK4OH1T was obtained for further characterization and comparison with strain SIP-G1T. The two strains were capable of coupling the oxidation of thiosulfate, tetrathionate, elemental sulfur and sulfide to autotrophic growth and they produced sulfur inclusions as metabolic intermediates. They showed varying degrees of O2 sensitivity, but when provided amino acids or peptides as a source of energy, they appeared more tolerant of O2 and exhibited concomitant production of elemental sulfur inclusions. The organic substrate preferences and limitations of these two organisms suggest that they possess an oxygen-sensitive carbon fixation pathway(s). Organic acids may be used to produce NADPH through the TCA cycle and are used in the formation of polyhydroxyalkanoates. Cell-wall-deficient morphotypes appeared when organic compounds (especially acetate) were present in excess and reduced sulfur was absent. Levels of DNA-DNA hybridization (~47 %) and phenotypic characterization indicate that strain SIP-G1T represents a separate species within the genus Sedimenticola, for which the name Sedimenticola thiotaurini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SIP-G1T (=ATCC BAA-2640T=DSM 28581T). The results also justify emended descriptions of the genus Sedimenticola and of S. selenatireducens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2522-2530
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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