Selection of column and gradient elution system for the separation of catechins in green tea using high-performance liquid chromatography

Joseph J. Dalluge, Bryant C. Nelson, Jeanice Brown Thomas, Lane C. Sander

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190 Scopus citations


A study of a variety of stationary phases and elution conditions for the liquid chromatographic (LC) determination of six biologically active green tea catechins has resulted in the development of two well-defined, reproducible systems for such analyses which overcome limitations of previously described methods. Comparison of six reversed-phase columns indicates that deactivated stationary phases, which utilize ultrapure silica and maximize coverage of the silica support, provide significantly improved separation and chromatographic efficiencies for catechin analyses using LC, compared to conventional monomeric or polymeric C18 columns. Evaluation of elution conditions used for the separations reveals that the presence of acid in the mobile phase (0.05% trifluoroacetic acid) is essential for both the complete resolution of the catechins present in tea and the efficient chromatography of these compounds. The efficacy of one of the developed systems was demonstrated by the quantitative measurement of the six biologically active catechins in aqueous infusions of green tea (Camellia sinensis). Overall precision values for the analyses were within the range 0.3-1% (relative standard deviation).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 16 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
JJD acknowledges support by the NIST/NRC Postdoctoral Research Associateships Program. This work was supported in part by The Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, IAG # Y1-7005-02 (formerly Y01-CN-30698).


  • Catechins
  • Gradient elution
  • Green tea
  • Polyphenols
  • Stationary phases, LC


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