Selective avoidance by vertebrate frugivores of green holly berries infested with a cecidomyiid fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)

V. Krischik, E. S. McCloud, J. A. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Green fruits of Ilex opaca infested with larvae of holly berry midge Asphondylia ilicicola were eaten less during winter and spring than uninfested red fruits. Fly larvae, and their associated fungus, interact with berry physiology to prevent the fruit from changing color, thereby protecting the larvae from frugivory until spring when the midge emerges and starts the cycle again by laying eggs in holly flowers. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-354
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Midland Naturalist
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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